Here is the information distributed to students and school teachers who attended with great interest offered by the main Andrianos Golemis.
“The Concordia base is a European (Italian-French) research station located in the highlands of Circe, in the heart of Antarctica. Temperatures range from -20 to -80 degrees Celsius, while the drying of the environment is greater than in the Sahara desert. In summer people living there spend three months continuous sunshine, while in winter the sun does not rise at all, and the crew of the base is hidden a three night. Also, the base is located at an altitude of 3233 meters, which corresponds to 4,000 meters, it was located at the equator (because of the non-spherical shape of the Earth). This causes the oxygen in the air is thinner and there are sleep disturbances, and difficulty even in simple physical exercises, like climbing a ladder. Finally, due to very low temperatures, for nine months the base is completely isolated from the outside world. It is not possible to approach an aircraft or other means of transport and the crew must survive alone against all adversity.
These difficult living conditions (hypoxia, isolation and failure removal, a limited number of people, monotony) make the Concordia a great analog space missions, similar ie how and porkliseis having to deal with the astronauts. That is why the European Space Agency (ESA, European Space Agency), the second largest in the world, and whose member is Greece, recruits in collaboration with the French Polar Institute a doctor every year to carry out various biomedical experiments the station. The aim is to draw conclusions and to make progress on how we can improve these difficult conditions and their effects on humans. The objective is twofold – on the one this knowledge will be used for space missions, with the ultimate aim of a manned mission to Mars – but also the results of the investigations are expected to have a positive impact on society. For example, we study and sleep disorders due to low oxygen so we can help the astronauts, but mostly learn how to improve sleep in patients earth. Similarly with other experiments – for example, we study what the ideal antimicrobial materials for use in the manufacture of spacecraft. But when we come to what is the best, we use them in hospitals to reduce hospital-acquired infections. This medical research based crew members who participate voluntarily.
Other experiments will be conducted this year have to do with vitamin D, for which we are trying to determine the ideal amount if administered helps people during the three-month polar night, since the lack of sunlight affects the body. Another experiment studying nutrition and changes in human metabolism in isolation, another in relations between the members of the crew and teamwork, while studies are still on the changes of our psychology in depth one year for changes in the vascular system hypoxia and how posture changes. Finally, there and experiment that studies how computers can understand our psychological state, analyzing the way we talk”.
We thank the contributors to this activity because we learned wonderful and useful for the future of mankind things.