Animals & Plants in Spain
Because of Spain’s diverse geography and climates, there are a lot of different types of animals and plants that call Spain home.
Mediterranean and continental maritime climates are typical in peninsular Spain. The temperature varies greatly and rainfall is irregular, which affects plant life. Spain has mountains, a Mediterranean and an Atlantic coast and lots of dry terrain in between, so the animals in Spain also vary considerably because of the diverse terrains.
The Brown Bear is a permanent and traditional part of the animal world of Spain; however, the number of brown bears has decreased drastically. Kwintessential.com reports that there were more than 1,000 brown bears in Spain’s wild at the beginning of the 20th century, but now there are about 100. Cordillera Cantábrica National Park is the best place to go to spot one of these traditional creatures of Spain.
Vegetation: Northwest Spain
Peninsular Spain is about 20 percent forested, according to PlantaEuropa.org, which includes conifer plantations. In the northwest, a wetter region extending from Galicia to the Pyrenees as well as the Cantabrian coast, there are smatterings of mixed woodland where oak, beech and Scots Pine can be found.
Vegetation: Mediterranean & Inland
There are two main kinds of vegetation found in the Mediterranean zone: Aleppo Pine, Stone Pine, Holm and Kermes Oak as well as cacti and century plants. Holm, Pyrenean, Portugues and Cork Oaks are found predominantly in inland Spain. You will see large areas of grassland on the southern slopes of the Pyrenees and Cantabrian Mountains, but not so much grass is seen on mountains in eastern Spain.
The Long Haired Mountain goat is very common in Spain. Kwintessential.com claims that wildlife experts say there are as many as 20,000. The male goats have incredibly long horns. This mountain goat is extremely agile and can be seen on some of the steepest mountain faces in Spain. Some hunting of the Long Haired Mountain Goat is permitted to control levels.
The Iberian Lynx is indigenous to Spain and it is only found there. It is just one of many species of animals in Spain that is under the threat of extinction. Kwintessential.com states that experts believe there are about 400 in Spain as of 2010. The Iberian Lynx can best be seen in Andalusia’s Danona National Park in southern Spain.
Spain is a great place if you like to bird watch. Kwintessential.com reports that there are more than 20 different species of birds of prey there; a good portion of these are indigenous; others migrate to and from Spain annually. The Egyptian and Griffin Vultures and the Golden Eagle are of particular interest to bird watchers. It is reported that there are more than 400 Black Vultures in Spain. Spain’s Black Vulture is the largest bird of prey indigenous to Europe.
The Chambers of Deputies
The Congress of Deputies is the low chamber of de Parliament. The Congress of Deputies represents the Spanish people. Gather to control sessions, is located in the Plaza de las Cortes de Madrid
The Congress of Deputies is composed of 350 deputies. The Spanish Constitution states that members will be elected by universal , free , direct and secret suffrage
To represent a political party must have a minimum of 15 seats, but it is also possible form a group from the 5 seats if the candidate has obtained at least 5% of votes national level. But the members of the same political party can not form separate parliamentary group
Graphic elections 2011
|Grupos representados||Grupo Popular (185) Grupo Socialista (110) Grupo Catalán (16) Grupo la Izquierda Plural (11) Grupo de UPyD (5) Grupo Vasco (5) Grupo mixto (18)|
|Salario||41.801,52 €/año (base, siendo de Madrid y sin contar pagas extra) |
|Autoridad||Título Tercero de la Constitución española de 1978|
The “Partido Popular” is the most abundant in the chamber whit 185 seats, continued by the “Partido Socialista” whit 110 members, then we have the “Grupo Catalan” with 16 members, the “Grupo UPD” whit 11 members and the “Grupo Vasco” and “Grupo Mixto” with 23 members
The president , ministers and members have a salary of 3800.138€ every month except August.
Last year we went on a trip with the school to Tabarca, a little island located in the Mediterranean Sea near Alicante.
We left school at 8:00 a.m and we all were very excited. At 10:00 a.m. we arrived at Santa Pola, a little village in Alicante, where some tourist guides were waiting for us. From there we all got on a boat to Tabarca. The boat was quite special because it had submarine vision and during the trip stopped from time to time so that we could see and enjoy the seabed.
When we arrived there we all were a little bit tired and as it was too hot, we decided to go for a swim and sunbathe on the beach for a short time. While we were enjoying the sun, some of our colleagues were playing on the beach with a ball.
Before eating we visited Tabarca´s old village and the guides explained us a lot of interesting things about it´s history. We saw the church, the Town Hall, the Lighthouse, and more beautiful places.
After that, we ate in the main square of the village and later on our teachers and guides allowed us to go shopping for a short time. When we finished shopping we went to the beach to enjoy the sea only for a very short time as we had to get dry clothes and be on the boat by 6:00 p.m. By this time we were very tired, but it was worth it.
When we arrived to Santa Pola we said good bye to our guides and we got on the bus to Cartagena. Some of us fell asleep because the journey was long and we all were exhausted.
We arrived at our school at 9:00 p.m and from there everybody went to their home. We had a wonderful experience that day!
-Pilar Esteban Flores
-Margarita López Iñesta
-Silvia Romero Carrión
3rd of CSO.
Hi, we’re Elena Sánchez, Marta García Villar, Raquel Francés y Marta García Antelo, we are in 3rd. Course CSE in class D.
Last summer we went to Madrid in train together. We stayed in an hotel near Gran Vía Ave.
All the mornings, we had breakfast in Starbucks Cafe. It was hot so, we always drank a chocolate frappé.
After, we went shopping and we bought a lot of clothes in Princesa, Gran Via Ave, Paseo de la Castellana… Our favourite shops in Madrid were Abercrombie and Vans.
Then, we went, in underground, to Hard Rock Café to have lunch. In the afternoon, we went to some concerts in ‘Rock in Rio’. It was
amazing! At night, we went to have dinner in Vips. Suddenly, we saw Maxi Iglesias. He was very nice. He let us take photos with him.
Two days later, we came back to Cartagena.