Spain – Regime -THE CHAMBER OF DEPUTIES-

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·The House of Representatives is the lower house of Parliament, the constitutional body that represents the Spanish people. They meet for sessions at the Palace of the Parliament, in the Plaza de las Cortes de Madrid ·The House of Representatives is composed of a minimum of 300 and a maximum of 400 deputies, with its current number of 350 for determination of the Organic Law on the General Electoral System, approved in 1985

·The Spanish constitution states that the deputies will be elected by universal, free, equal, direct and secret suffrage, under the terms established by law (ie, the details of the electoral process should be developed in a law). Besides deputies are elected by provincial constituencies. Point 3 of Article 68 states that “The election in each district according to criteria of proportional representation”.

·Organic Law 5/1985 of 19 June the General Electoral System, provides a minimum of 3% of the vote (in his constituency, the votes for the total white count but not zero) for a party to be considered in the allocation of seats in the province. The latter only has real application in provinces with many members, specifically Madrid.

·In March 2011 was amended Organic Law on General Elections so that parties not represented in the Congress and Senate must collect signatures of voters to endorse their candidates stand for elections (Congress and Senate), apart from general requirements. It takes 0.1% of firms in the electorate of each constituency. Every citizen can sign only one nomination. The Electoral Board will determine the details of the signature collection

 Graphic elections 2011

  • ·Entries that won representation in Congress parliamentary groups are organized. To be one needed a minimum of 15 members, although it is also possible to form group from 5 seats if the candidate has obtained at least 5% of votes nationwide, or at least 15% of the votes in the constituencies in which was presented. The parliamentary groups may consist of members of a single party or by several parties, but lawmakers of the same party can not form separate parliamentary group.
By Nacho Jaudenes

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